Heart or cardiovascular diseases are conditions that affect the heart. They include heart defects, heart rhythm problems, coronary artery diseases, and blood vessel diseases. In addition to this, there are some heart conditions that affect the rhythm, valves, and muscles of the heart.
Most of the cardio diseases can block or narrow your blood vessels leading to stroke, chest pain, or heart attack. Findings show that most of these conditions can be treated or prevented by adopting healthy lifestyle choices.
The symptoms of cardio diseases are different for women and men. Men, for instance, are more likely to develop chest complications or pain. On the other hand, women experience other symptoms like nausea, extreme fatigue, and shortness of breath along with chest pain. The common symptoms include:
- Pain in the upper abdomen, back, throat, neck, or jaw.
- Weakness, numbness, pain, or coldness in the arms or legs-This occurs when the blood vessels get narrowed in those parts of the body.
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest pain and chest pressure.
Most people are diagnosed with cardio issues when they develop stroke, heart failure, heart attack, or angina. People should watch for these symptoms and address any concerns with health care providers. Having regular checkups can help in detecting these diseases early.
Symptoms of Cardio Diseases Associated with Heart Defects
Some heart defects are discovered soon after birth (congenital heart defects). The symptoms associated with these defects include:
- Blue or pale gray skin color (cyanosis).
- Shortness of breath when feeding the infants, thus leading to loss of weight.
- Swelling in the abdomen, legs, or on parts around the eyes.
Congenital heart defects that are discovered later during adulthood or in childhood are not very serious. The symptoms and signs associated with such defects include:
- Swelling in the ankles, hands, or feet.
- Getting short of breath when exercising.
- Getting tired quickly during activity or exercise.
The other factors that cause heart diseases symptoms include:
Heart infections– The inner membrane that is found between the heart’s valves and its chambers can get infected. Endocarditis is one of the most common types of heart infections.
Parasites, viruses, or bacteria cause heart infection. Some of the symptoms associated with heart infections are fatigue or weakness, fever, persistent cough, skin rashes, swelling in the abdomen or legs.
Weak heart muscles– Weakening of the heart muscles is also referred to as dilated cardiomyopathy. Its symptoms occur when the condition becomes worse, and they include fatigue, dizziness, swelling of the feet, legs, and ankles.